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Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare and deadly disease in people and primates*. The viruses that cause EVD are mainly found in sub-Saharan Africa. There have been four cases of EVD in the United States and it was brought to the United States by people who got EVD in other countries.


How can I get sick? 

Scientists think people are first infected with EVD by touching a sick animal, such as a fruit bat or nonhuman primate. After that, the virus spreads from person to person and can make many people sick. 

Other ways Ebola is spread:  

  • Blood or body fluids (spit, sweat, poop, pee, throw up) from a person who is sick with or has died from EVD. 
  • Items such as clothes and bedding from a person who is sick or has died from EVD. 

Symptoms in humans: 

Main symptoms include:  

  • Fever (when your body gets a little hotter than normal) 

  • Aches and pains 
  • Very bad headache 
  • Weakness and feeling very tired 
  • Sore throat 
  • Not feeling hungry 
  • Stomach pain,  
  • Diarrhea (runny poop) 
  • Throwing up 
  • Bleeding or bruising for no reason 
  • Red eyes 
  • Skin rash 
  • Hiccups 

What can I do to stay healthy? 

When traveling to places where there is EVD there are many ways to protect yourself and to not spread the disease:  

  • Do not touch blood and body fluids (pee, poop, spit, sweat, and throw up) of people who are sick.  
  • Do not touch items that may have touched a sick person’s blood or body fluids.  
  • Do not touch bats or nonhuman primates (such as monkeys or chimpanzees) or their blood or body fluids. 
  • Do not touch or eat raw meat made from bats, primates*, or other unknown animals.  

Ebola Vaccine 

There is a vaccine* available, please see your doctor for more information. The vaccine* is recommended for adults 18 years or older: 

  • Adults going to help during an outbreak of EVD. 
  • Lab workers or other people working with EVD in the United States. 
  • Healthcare workers in Ebola Treatment Centers in the United States.  


  • Primates:A group of mammals such as monkeys, lemurs, or apes.  
  • Vaccines: Shots given to humans and animals to keep them healthy and safe.  

Learn About Other Diseases

Click below to learn more about the many different diseases that can spread between animals and humans.