How can I get sick?
Scientists think people are first infected with EVD by touching a sick animal, such as a fruit bat or nonhuman primate. After that, the virus spreads from person to person and can make many people sick.
Other ways Ebola is spread:
- Blood or body fluids (spit, sweat, poop, pee, throw up) from a person who is sick with or has died from EVD.
- Items such as clothes and bedding from a person who is sick or has died from EVD.
Symptoms in humans:
Main symptoms include:
- Fever (when your body gets a little hotter than normal)
- Aches and pains
- Very bad headache
- Weakness and feeling very tired
- Sore throat
- Not feeling hungry
- Stomach pain,
- Diarrhea (runny poop)
- Throwing up
- Bleeding or bruising for no reason
- Red eyes
- Skin rash
What can I do to stay healthy?
When traveling to places where there is EVD there are many ways to protect yourself and to not spread the disease:
- Do not touch blood and body fluids (pee, poop, spit, sweat, and throw up) of people who are sick.
- Do not touch items that may have touched a sick person’s blood or body fluids.
- Do not touch bats or nonhuman primates (such as monkeys or chimpanzees) or their blood or body fluids.
- Do not touch or eat raw meat made from bats, primates*, or other unknown animals.
There is a vaccine* available, please see your doctor for more information. The vaccine* is recommended for adults 18 years or older:
- Adults going to help during an outbreak of EVD.
- Lab workers or other people working with EVD in the United States.
- Healthcare workers in Ebola Treatment Centers in the United States.
- Primates: A group of mammals such as monkeys, lemurs, or apes.
- Vaccines: Shots given to humans and animals to keep them healthy and safe.